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Modern hosting, their main characteristics

In the previous article, you were given the opportunity to find out, what is hosting and why every website creator needs it.

Now we suggest you take the next step - to consider the existing hosting types and their main characteristics. After all, only by comparing the advantages and disadvantages of each of them, you can make the final choice of a hosting provider to host your Internet project.

So, here are the main types and characteristics of hosting for sites.


 

1. Virtual hosting view for the site (Shared-hosting)

Today it is the most common and popular type of hosting. In fact is the provision of a server for the needs of a large number of users, between which its computing power and physical space on hard drives are shared.

Popularity such hosting for sites due to:

  • cheap (2 –15 $ per month);
  • convenience for an average client, who is usually provided with a universal control panel (with a minimum number of settings) for downloading files, creating backup copies of the site, etc.
  • ease of use even by inexperienced users (general server settings are made by the hosting provider).


Choosing a virtual hosting view to host your site, you need to remember his obvious shortcomings:

  • suitable only for small projects;
  • providing a fairly limited amount of space on the hard drives of a remote server;
  • does not guarantee the stable operation of your website. Interruptions in its availability and page loading speed may occur due to server loads created by “forced neighbors”.  But because of this, a rather negative may turn out to be the impact of hosting on site promotion;
  • the impossibility of using “heavy” scripts due to existing restrictions on the load on server power;
  • This is the most unsafe hosting view for the site. The reason for this is the presence of a huge number of neighboring projects. Hacking or contracting the virus of one of them can lead to serious problems for everyone else.
     

2. Virtual dedicated server - VDS

VDS is the type of hosting for a site that involves highlighting part of the remote server as a separate virtual machine for each client (usually up to 20 within the same server).

Suitable for medium and large Internet projects in terms of cost ($ 20–100 / month - the usual price of this type of hosting), its main characteristics in combination are its advantages:

  • a separate OS is installed on each virtual machine;
  • guaranteed values of computing power, the amount of RAM and other types of resources necessary for the full and stable functioning of the site;
  • administrative access to the settings and management of the dedicated virtual machine;
  • self-installation of preferred software;
  • complete independence from other server customers is one of the most important features of this type of hosting for the site.


From the disadvantages can be distinguished:

  • the need for system administrator skills, given the complexity of installing and setting up software on a controlled VDS;
  • not the safest type of hosting for the site, given the direct proximity to other virtual machines (although much safer than general virtual hosting).

 

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3. Dedicated server

When choosing this type of hosting you will a separate remote server is available, which you yourself can fully control. The host company will only monitor the status of hardware. Usually used for large-scale Internet projects.

Advantages:

  • a separate server under your full control;
  • high level security.


Disadvantages:

  • high cost ($ 100–500 per month);
  • the complexity of setting and managing implies the presence of experienced cisadmin.

 

4. Colocation

This type of hosting for the site is similar to the previous one (VDS) with the difference that the hosting provider only provides a specialized room in its data center for installing your personal equipment and a dedicated channel for accessing the Internet.

Advantages and disadvantages are the same (full control, installation of any software, high level of security, etc.). The only difference is the price reduction, given the exclusion of the need to rent equipment.

 

5. Cloud-hosting

The type of hosting that differs from Virtual dedicated server in the absence of specific tariffs with restrictions on the resources used (computer power, RAM, hard disk space).





Advantages:

  • at any time, depending on your needs, you can increase all the necessary parameters (automatically or on request) by leveraging additional cloud capacities.
  • when calculating the cost of a cloud-based hosting service, the main characteristics (resources) that are actually used are the main pricing factor.


Disadvantages: no.

What type of hosting for the site to choose

Having studied the listed types and characteristics of hosting, you yourself can choose one of them, guided exclusively by your needs and financial capabilities. Moreover, we have listed all the advantages and disadvantages that each type of hosting has.

If you are a novice webmaster, for starters it is quite possible to use the usual virtual type of hosting, the options of which are now a great many on the Internet. Well, if you need a platform for hosting a serious project, you should think about one of the more expensive and reliable options.